How to file your taxes with Swiss and foreign securities in 2023| Updated: |
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One question I get often is how to file taxes with stocks and dividends. And this especially gets popular when we add foreign stocks and foreign dividends into the mix.
Many people are afraid of investing because they think it will make it complicated to file their taxes. But in practice, it is not complicated to file your taxes even with a large ETF portfolio.
In this article, we see how to file your taxes with Swiss Stocks and dividends, which is very simple. And with U.S. Stocks and dividends, which is slightly more complicated.
In Switzerland, taxes are different for each state. Each of the states has its own software and forms to complete your tax form. However, most of the forms are very similar and have similar names. So, if you can file your taxes in one state, you should not have many issues filing them in another state.
Since taxes are different in each state in Switzerland, I need to take an example. So, I will take Fribourg as an example with the Fritax 2020 software. You can use this example to file your taxes for your own state. The concepts should be the same for each state, but the software to fill them will be slightly different.
Some of the Swiss tax apps are better than others. I have not tested many of them, but from what I have seen, Fritax is probably average. It is not always intuitive, but it is relatively easy to use.
Unfortunately, Fritax is not available in English. So I will use the French version for my screenshots. The forms will be the same in German as well.
If you do not know why I am using U.S. ETFs, you may want to learn about the advantages of U.S. ETFs. They are related to how you will file your taxes with U.S. securities.
First, let’s start to see how to declare Swiss securities. These are the securities that are subject to the Swiss dividend withholding taxes. Indeed, the Swiss tax office will withhold 35% of the dividends. Your broker will do this directly.
In your tax declaration, you will have a form to enter all your assets (bank accounts, bonds, stocks, and lottery gains). In my French software, this is called “Etat des titres”, which translates to “State of the securities”.
Here is the form before filling it:
In this form, you will have to list all of your Swiss securities, whether stocks or ETFs. Since I am recommending investments in ETFs, I will take an ETF as an example. But you would do exactly the same with a stock. For example, I will use CHSPI, the Swiss ETF I am using in my portfolio.
You will need to indicate that this is a security (choice 3) in the first column on each line. You then need to indicate that this is a private asset (choice P) in the second column.
Then, you can press the “Listes des cours” (Lists of prices) to search for the prices of a security. This assistant will help you with your dividends and prices. You can enter the ISIN number of your ETF and press search (Chercher). For instance, the ISIN number of CHSPI is CH0237935652. You can find the ISIN number of each ETF on the website of the fund provider.
Then, you will see all the taxable income for this security. You can enter the number of shares, and the buy date, and the taxable value, and the taxable dividend will be calculated for you. For instance:
The date will be taken into account to compute the dividends for this security. If you enter a date that is after some dividends have been issues, they will not be considered. And they will automatically compute the taxable wealth with the value of the security at the end of the year.
Here is an example of what this could look like.
The totals are automatically done at the end of the form. And these values are propagated into the rest of the forms.
If you already have securities before the beginning of the year, you have two options. If you file your taxes right after year without losing your tax declaration, you can keep all the buy operations from the previous year. Or you can use the total number of shares at the beginning of the year with a single entry and a date like the last year of the previous year. I have already done that in the past, and I have never had any issues.
If you have sold securities during the year, you also have to declare them. You can use a purchase date and sold date to let the software compute how much dividends you received before selling the shares. In that case, the software will automatically set the taxable value to zero.
Unfortunately, not every Swiss taxes software allows you to get all these numbers from inside the app. So, in this case, you will have to use the ICTax website. This is the reference for all the official end-of-year prices and currency conversions to file your taxes. One good thing is that this website is available in English, contrary to the tax software.
You can go to the website and search for the ISIN again:
And then, you can click on the ETF of your choosing. After that, you will have to do pretty much the same as before from the tax software. You will be able to enter the number of shares and purchase date. The website will automatically compute the tax value and the gross return. You can then copy these values directly into your tax declaration.
It is a little less practical to file your taxes like this than having the software do it for you. But in any case, it should not take you long to complete your Swiss securities.
It is also a good reason to keep your trading limited to a few ETFs. If you are buying many securities during the entire year, you will have to enter many lines. But it is really not as complicated as many people believe.
If your ETF is not on ICTax, you can ask them to add it to the system. But most well-known ETFs should already be there. I have never had an issue so far.
U.S. ETFs / Securities
For U.S. ETFs and securities, it can get a little more complicated because there are a few possible cases.
First, it will depend on which broker you are using. If you are using a Swiss broker, you will pay two deductions:
- 15% withheld by the Swiss broker
- 15% directly withheld at source by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
If you are using a broker like Interactive Brokers, you will only see the IRS’s direct deduction. This is a foreign tax.
To claim back the foreign tax, you need to use the DA-1 form. And to claim back the Swiss withholding (if you use a Swiss broker), you need to use the R-US 164 form.
These forms are attachments to the form we covered in the previous section. And they are extremely similar. The difference will be in setting the percentages that you can claim back.
If you are using other foreign securities, the idea remains the same except that the percentages will differ. You will have to find the percentages for both columns for your situation.
In this case, Fritax did an excellent job since they put DA-1 and R-US 164 together. Therefore, there is only a single form to fill for foreign securities. This is a great idea!
Here is the empty combined DA-1 / R-US 164 form:
As we can see, it is extremely similar to the previous form. And it works exactly in the same way. You still have to select that this is an action and part of your private net worth. Then, you can use the same assistant to get all the information for your taxes by pressing the “Liste de cours” button on top of the form.
They have all the information, even for U.S. ETFs, such as Vanguard Total World (VT). Here is an example of how to fill it with VT:
Once you have filled a line, you still need to select the country in column 3. This will be US in our case.
Then, you need to update columns 7 and 9 with the percentages for your case. If you are only filling the DA-1 form (with Interactive Brokers), you need to set column 7 to the value 15. If you are filling the R-US 164 form (with a Swiss broker, for instance), you need to set column 9 to the value 15.
Then, the tool will automatically compute how much taxes were withheld in both cases. And Fritax will automatically fill the total.
Here is a filled DA-1 form with both sides filled:
If you use Interactive Brokers and only pay 15% of dividends withholding, you can change column 9 to the value 0.
All the other details are the same as for the Swiss securities, so you can look at the previous sections to get all the information. But with the Fritax software, it is really not that bad to file your taxes with foreign securities. As you can see, the DA-1 and R-US 164 forms are almost the same as the standard securities form.
If your tax software does not have support for getting the values directly from it, you can use the ICTax website for foreign securities too. It will give you all the dividends in CHF and the tax value of your securities at the end of the fiscal year.
This will be done exactly like we did for Swiss securities. For instance, you can search for Vanguard Total World on the website:
Make sure you choose the Stock version and not the bond version (unless you have both, of course). And then, you can fill it up like before. For instance:
Then, you will only have to copy these values into the DA-1 or R-US 164 form and select the correct withholding percentages. It is not more complicated than for Swiss securities.
The tax office will ask for documents attesting to your dividends, capital gains, and net worth.
Some Swiss brokers will propose some special documents for taxes. And some people believe that only these reports are valid. But that is not correct. Even foreign brokers have documents that are accepted by Swiss tax offices.
For instance, with Interactive Brokers, I am using an annual activity statement report. This contains all operations, all dividends, and the status of my shares at the end of the year. I have never had any issue with that.
There you have it! If you follow these simple steps, you will be able to file your taxes with Swiss securities and foreign securities! It is not as complicated as many people believe.
Even for U.S. Securities, it is not complicated. You will have to fill an extra form (DA-1) in the best case and two in the worst case (DA-1 and R-US 164), but these forms are almost the same as for the Swiss securities. So, I do not think this is a big deal.
Hopefully, this will help you file your taxes with securities.
If you want more information about taxes, I have an in-depth guide about Swiss taxes.
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120 thoughts on “How to file your taxes with Swiss and foreign securities in 2023”
thanks for the great article! I have a financial product with my bank that every 3 months automatically sells from one SICAV fund and invests in another. I am not actively doing that, but the bank has some sort of mandate from me to run these operations. Do I need to declare all these transactions that the bank does in my tax declaration? thanks a lot for your answer.
I don’t know for sure, I never was involved with any kind of thing like that, it even sounds weird.
But in my opinion, if the bank invests on your behalf directly, not in a fund, these transactions should figure in your tax declaration. But you should ask the bank.
I am working in Geneva and started investing in US stocks via Interactive Broker in year 2022.
So far I have not received any dividend and got a profit of approx $1500 during trade in a year. Have not received any tax statement from Interactive Broker yet (scheduled after march 2023). My questions are:
1. Do I still need to fill DA1 form during swiss tax declaration this year?
2. Do I need to enter all my transactions even if I have done multiple transactions e.g. 1-5 shares per transaction?
Thank you for your guidance.
IBKR will not give you a tax report for Switzerland, only for the US.
In Switzerland, you can simply use an annual activity statement.
1) If you bought stocks in 2022, yes.
2) Yes, you are supposed to enter all the transactions. What matters to the tax office is mostly the dividends since this is where you are going to be taxed. So you could group transactions together I guess as long as the dividends is correct and the end-of-year total is correct as well.
Firstly, can I say that I’m a big fan of your site. On this topic, though, I’m a bit confused.
In the tax form the column mentions “Impôt étranger non récuperable”. This would suggest to me that in the case of a foreign broker, the 15% IRS tax (assuming W8-BEN has been done) cannot be further reclaimed. In the case of a Swiss broker, only 15% of the additional tax in the final column can be reclaimed. Therefore, even in the best case, 15% is lost to the IRS, isn’t it?
It cannot be reclaimed in the foreign country. But since we have an income tax treaty, we can mention it as already paid taxes. They won’t give it back, but it’s like a discount on your taxes.
Does that make sense?
Great guide, a couple of questions:
1. The answer might be in the article itself but somehow it was not 100% clear to me. For US ETFs, we have 15% withheld by the Swiss broker + 15% by IRS. If you use a Swiss broker you can claim back the former and if you use IBKR you can claim back the latter? Or you can claim back both?
2. R-US 164 when using a Swiss broker and Da-1 from when using IBKR, what’s the W8-BEN, and in what cases do we use it?
3. I’m taxed at source but need to still declare taxes when income is +120K, do you think I am eligible to get taxes back?
Appreciate your support.
Have a great day!
1) If you use US ETFs, 30% are withheld at source by IRS. If you take advantage of the income tax treaty between Switzerland and the US (by filling the W8-BEN form), this is reduced to 15%, and you can then claim it back.
Most US brokers will allow you to fill this W8-BEN. But I’m pretty sure that many Swiss brokers won’t allow you that.
Now that I reread this, I will have to check again what would happen with a Swiss broker (I have never used one).
2) I covered the W8-BEN above.
3) I would say that as long as you fill a tax declaration, you should be go to get these taxes back.
Hello Mr. The Poor Swiss,
Thank you for the great article. I would like to ask one question about the US taxes: could you clarify the role of the W-8BEN form (I see it mentioned in the context of non-US citizens investing in US securities)?
Or to put it more generally, do non-US citizens (residents in Switzerland) have to “establish a relationship” with the US IRS if they invest and/or claim back the withholding taxes?
You don’t have to establish a relationship with the IRS. Filling out the W8-BEN is simply a way to indicate that you are eligible to tax advantages due to the US-CH tax treaty. This will allow you to reduce your tax withholding.
Thanks for your informative and very interesting blog. My question concerns myself as an amateur investor . I recently started investing, in 2022, by using IBKR as a platform (btw I am a Swiss fiscal resident with a C permit). I mainly invest in US securities (mostly individual stocks and the VUG ETF at the moment, I am at a net loss of apr. 15% at the end of 2022), and here are my questions:
-Do I have to specifically file the IRS ”form 1042-s” aside from my habitual Swiss tax declaration? Or is it somehow automatically done by IBRK?
-Do I have to do something (taxwise) about the (minimal) dividends that I have received from some of my stocks? (I mean besides my classic swiss tax declaration which is done by my accountant).
You don’t have to file anything from the IRS if you are not fiscally linked to the US.
You don’t have to do anything else than what is listed in the article.
Really informative article!
1) If you are a somewhat active trader, with perhaps hundreds of buy/sell positions, it would seem cumbersome to fill in the form manually. Do you know if there is any way to automatize this? Would a high frequency trader have to input millions of positions manually?
2) If you are not an active trader, but prefer to have a stock portfolio rather than an ETF, with perhaps 300-1000 dividend paying stocks. Is there a non-manual way to input the data in the software?
1) I have no idea if you can automate it and I would expect that even active traders have to list all operations
2) I don’t think so
Keep in mind that I have never traded actively, so never had any of these issues.
Just to make sure: When you’re using a foreign broker such as Interactive Broker you don’t have to pay any taxes in that country? Only in the country of your residence (Switzerland, in your and my case)?
That’s correct. Using a foreign broker does not make you eligible to foreign taxes. On the other hands, owning some foreign stocks may make you eligible to some taxes. For instance, US stocks make you eligible to the US estate tax (but the US estate tax is not a big deal).
Hi there! Thanks so much for this article. I just opened an account with IB. However, I am taxed at source (i.e. I do not declare anything myself). Do you have any idea how it works in this case?
I don’t have experience with tax at source, but I would think that since you are taxed at source and don’t make a declaration, you don’t have anything to do that in that case.
That also means that you can’t get back dividends withholding on US ETFs, but the difference is not significant enough that it should matter in your case.
Thanks so much for the information. I had a personal question and was wondering if you could help with it? I am student who has lived in the UK for the last 3 years studying. My nationalities are both British and Swiss (have lived in Switzerland for over 14 years). My family live in Switzerland and my Brokerage account is currently under my Swiss address (although my parents denounced my residence 3 years ago when i moved to the UK). Am I still liable to Swiss capital gains tax exemption if I am a Swiss citizen but no longer a resident? I am currently with IB for shares and plan on investing in UCITS ETF’s. Thanks again.
I would say that you are now liable under UK tax, no? Only Swiss residents and taxpayers are exempted from capital gains. If you pay taxes in another country, you must abide by their tax laws. So, it will all depend on UK taxes.
There is no general exemptions for capital gains tax for Swiss citizens.