There are many people who do not know what they will do in retirement. If you are serious about reaching financial independence and retire early, you should already know what you would do in retirement. You will have a lot of time on your hands.
I already know that there are a lot of things I would do more once I retired. There are a few things I really wish I had more time to do. It is my hope that in retirement, I will be able to do more of these things.
In this post, I am going to describe the changes for me in retirement. As you will see, there are a lot of things I would like to do more in my life. I am also going to describe how I am going to organize my days. Of course, this is only a thought experiment. I am far from retirement. A lot of changes will occur in the meantime. But it is still a nice thought experiment.
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If you want to reach Financial Independence and be able to retire, you need to know how much you are going to spend while retired. If you are retiring next year, it is really easy to know how much you are going to spend. However, if you are going to retire in a long time, it is not trivial to estimate your retirement expenses.
I have already talked about the different ways tor each Financial Independence (FI). Regardless of which way you choose to reach FI, you will need an accurate estimation of your retirement expenses. Without this, you will not be able to know how much of the road remains.
You could think that you are going to spend exactly the same as you spend now. But this is quite wrong. You need to take into account many things. You will normally pay fewer taxes. But your health expenses are likely to increase. And inflation will increase your expenses significantly over the years.
In this post, I am going to cover the main points that will impact your retirement spending. It is not a surefire way to estimate your retirement expenses. But it will definitely help if you want an accurate estimation.
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In Switzerland, you can do a voluntary contribution to your second pillar. The second pillar is the Swiss equivalent of a 401(K). These contributions come with some tax advantages since you can deduct that from your income. Therefore, you have a return equal to your marginal tax rate. However, the money is then blocked into the second pillar. And the returns on that blocked money have been very low in recent years. Finally, you can only withdraw the money from your second pillar if you retire, if you buy a house or if you start a company.
One question that I actually ask myself these days is whether I should contribute money to my second pillar or continue investing in stocks. These days we are able to invest enough money each month that I am wondering about this. I could contribute some money to my second pillar and continue to invest enough in stocks. But is it a good solution. In this post, I am going to try to answer this question.
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I recently compared the different third pillars available in Switzerland. I quickly came to the conclusion that VIAC provides the best third pillars in Switzerland. VIAC third pillars are cheap and have a very good global diversification. Moreover, you can have up to 97% of your portfolio invested in stocks. Before, my only problem with VIAC was that they are mobile-only. But I need to go over this small problem and be smarter about it! And since PostFinance increased their fees, I decided to walk away from them earlier than I planned.
Now that I have chosen my new third pillar, it is time to do the transfer. For this, I first have to open an account at VIAC. Then, I have to transfer my existing third pillar money from PostFinance to VIAC. In this post, I am going to describe the steps necessary to open a VIAC third pillar. In a second time, I am also going to describe how to transfer an existing third pillar to VIAC.
As you will see it is incredibly easy. If you think it is difficult to open a new third pillar and transfer your existing third pillar money on it, then I hope I will convince you that it is trivial! You should not delay changing a bad third pillar for a good one by the fear that it is difficult. Because it is not!
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My third pillar is invested at PostFinance in the PostFinance Pension 75 fund. This is a fund that invests mostly in Switzerland, with 75% of stocks. It is not a bad fund at all. However, a few things made me want to reconsider this third pillar.
First, the TER is a bit high. You pay 0.98% for holding this fund. It is not really bad since TER for retirement funds in Switzerland is quite high. This is already one of the best funds. But it is always better to reduce that TER even further when possible.
Secondly, PostFinance recently increased its account fees. Before, I was not paying anything for all my accounts at PostFinance. However, I will now have to pay 60 CHF per year to keep my money at PostFinance. Therefore, it is time to change. I am in the process of switching to Migros bank for my bank accounts. But I need to find a new third pillar provider to replace the one from PostFinance.
And also, it has been a while I wanted to study in details VIAC. This is a new provider of third pillars. It has some very interesting advantages.
In this post, I am going to try to find a new third pillar for me in Switzerland. Let’s see what Switzerland has to offer :)
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The last book I read is The Millionaire Next Door: The Surprising Secrets of America’s Wealthy, by Thomas J. Stanley and William D. Danko. This book is a study of the millionaire households in the United States. In this post, you will find out exactly what this book is about and what I thought about it. I was lucky to find it very cheap on Kindle.
I am still reading many new personal finance books. And so far, it is been a great ride. There are some really great books about personal finance, investing and frugality. It is just a bit sad that most of these books are missing any international content. They are really made for the United States. However, a lot of their lessons can still be translated into Europe.
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The previous three posts of the series covered the three pillars of retirement in Switzerland:
In this final post of the series, I am going to summarize over the entire system. I am also going to talk about how early retirement works in this system.
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I started this series with details about the first pillar. I then continued with information about the second pillar. This post will cover the last of the three pillars, the third pillar. This pillar is the only one that is not mandatory. Everybody is free to choose to invest in the third pillar or not. It is simpler than the second pillar. But there are much more choices than you can make. I believe it is very important to optimize the investment of the third pillar as much as possible.
In this post, you will find all the details you need to invest in a third pillar. And also, what you can do to optimize your use of this last pillar.
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We have studied the first pillar and Switzerland three pillars system in the previous post in the series. Now, it is time to see the second pillar. The first pillar covers the basic needs of everybody. The second pillar is here to cover a larger part of your salary than the first one. If you never worked, you will never pay anything for this and you will never receive anything from this. It is significantly more complicated than the first pillar.
In this post, I am going to try to give you as much important details as possible on the second pillar. I am also going to try to help understand what you can do to improve it.
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Switzerland retirement system is based on a system with three pillars. Each pillar is paid in a different manner and will cover different needs. If you are working in Switzerland, it is important to know these three pillars. This will help you plan your retirement.
In a series of posts, I will try to give you enough information on these three pillars. The goal is that you have a good understanding of how they work. And also what you can do with them to improve your retirement. In this first post of the series, I will introduce the system and talk about the first pillar.
Continue reading “The first pillar of retirement in Switzerland”